[139][140] Berbers and Berber-speaking Algerians are divided into many groups with varying languages. Algeria's first president was the Front de Libération Nationale (FLN) leader Ahmed Ben Bella. Barbary macaques are the sole native monkey. Use the example below to know the rule for dialing a number in Algeria and make international calls to Algeria. This means they use just under 4.5 times as much biocapacity as Algeria contains. In 2008, the illiteracy rate for people over 10 was 22.3%, 15.6% for men and 29.0% for women. Additional information for Algeria. A species of deer, the Barbary stag, inhabits the dense humid forests in the north-eastern areas. Other traditional meals sold often as street food include mhadjeb or mahjouba, karantika, doubara, chakhchoukha, hassouna, and t'chicha. Although the regency patronised the tribal chieftains, it never had the unanimous allegiance of the countryside, where heavy taxation frequently provoked unrest. South of the Tell Atlas is a steppe landscape ending with the Saharan Atlas; farther south, there is the Sahara desert. 25 of these universities and almost all of the institutions of higher education were founded after the independence of the country. He appoints the Prime Minister who is also the head of government. With their official numbers, currently (since 1983) they are[94]. Like the rest of North Africa, Algeria was one of the breadbaskets of the empire, exporting cereals and other agricultural products. The Latin author Apuleius was born in Madaurus (Mdaourouch), in what later became Algeria. The two-letter country abbreviation for Algeria is DZ, the three-letter code is DZA. The undisputed master of this music is El Hadj M'Hamed El Anka. The military of Algeria consists of the People's National Army (ANP), the Algerian National Navy (MRA), and the Algerian Air Force (QJJ), plus the Territorial Air Defence Forces. In 1957 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. This industry appears to have spread throughout the coastal regions of the Maghreb between 15,000 and 10,000 BC. In return, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika agreed to buy $7.5 billion worth of combat planes, air-defence systems and other arms from Russia, according to the head of Russia's state arms exporter Rosoboronexport. The capital of Algeria is Algiers. [51][52] Historian Ben Kiernan wrote on the French conquest of Algeria: "By 1875, the French conquest was complete. Boumediene's successor, Chadli Bendjedid, introduced some liberal economic reforms. [162], Algerian painters, like Mohamed Racim or Baya, attempted to revive the prestigious Algerian past prior to French colonization, at the same time that they have contributed to the preservation of the authentic values of Algeria. This not only prompted the Bedouins to leave, but the Fatimid treasury even gave them a light expatriation cash allowance. [64], During the late 19th and early 20th century; the European share was almost a fifth of the population. On 24 February 2011, the government lifted Algeria's 19-year-old state of emergency. Masinissa's line survived until 24 AD, when the remaining Berber territory was annexed to the Roman Empire. [105] Public homosexual behavior is punishable by up to two years in prison. [108] Algeria's currency is the dinar (DZD). + 213 Country code All foreign operators must work in partnership with Sonatrach, which usually has majority ownership in production-sharing agreements. Algiers, Oran, Constantine, and Annaba are Algeria's main cities.[79]. Acacias with wild olives are the predominant flora in the remainder of the Sahara. Below is a list of the most important Algerian cities: Modern Algerian literature, split between Arabic, Tamazight and French, has been strongly influenced by the country's recent history. The Algeria telephone country code is the number 213. In 1710, the dey persuaded the sultan to recognise him and his successors as regent, replacing the pasha in that role, although Algiers remained a part of the Ottoman Empire. [157] The country code is in use for example for the two-letter suffixes such as .us (United States), .fr (France) or .de (Germany) in top-level domains (for countries) on the Internet. Algeria has one of the largest militaries in Africa and the largest defence budget. [77] Inflation, the lowest in the region, has remained stable at 4% on average between 2003 and 2007. [31], In the early 16th century, Spain constructed fortified outposts (presidios) on or near the Algerian coast. Then dial the 2-digit area code (see sample calling code list below), followed by the 6-digit phone number. The Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat (GSPC), a splinter group of the Armed Islamic Group, continued a terrorist campaign against the Government. "[60]. The 2010–14 public-investment programme will cost US$286 billion, 40% of which will go to human development. Algeria country code To call to Algeria use the international country calling code +213 followed by the national phone number you want to call.Algeria is located in Africa and uses Dinar.It has around 38 934 334 inhabitants, 3 200 000 landlines and 37 692 000 cell phone users. Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the southeast by Niger, to the southwest by Mali, Mauritania, and the Western Saharan territory, to the west by Morocco, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea. Algeria. ", "Algeria (Djazaïria) historical demographic data of the whole country", "UK 'must pay for shrine to French dead' at Mers-el-Kebir", "France's colonial-era crimes 'unforgotten' in Algeria", "That Was Then, This Is Now: The Battle of Algiers and After", 98 Die in One of Algerian Civil War's Worst Massacres, "Algeria Officially Lifts State of Emergency", "Algeria parliament to meet on Tuesday to name interim president", "Heatwaves are on the rise in Algeria due to climate change, says specialist", "Climate Change in Algeria: Vulnerability and Strategy of Mitigation and Adaptation", Crocodiles in the Sahara Desert: An Update of Distribution, Habitats and Population Status for Conservation Planning in Mauritania, "Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity - Supplementary Material", "Algeria's president Abdelaziz Bouteflika resigns after 20 years", "Algerian constitution الحـقــوق والحــرّيـات", "France offers compensation to victims sickened by nuclear tests", "Bin Ali calls for reactivating Arab Maghreb Union, Tunisia-Maghreb, Politics", International Institute for Strategic Studies, "The Nuclear Vault: The Algerian Nuclear Problem", "Venezuela's Chavez To Finalise Russian Submarines Deal", "Algeria must stop crushing dissent by imprisoning journalists and activists", "Algérie : Dissolution du Snateg, le secrétaire général conteste", "Le Snategs dénonce et décide de porter plainte | Le Matin d'Algérie", "Algérie : Les droits des travailleurs bafoués", "Here are the 10 countries where homosexuality may be punished by death", "During Pandemic, Algeria Tightens Vise on Protest Movement", "Brtsis, Brief on Russian Defence, Trade, Security and Energy", "Russia Agrees Algeria Arms Deal, Writes Off Debt", "Dubai-based firm forms $1.6 billion steel plant joint venture in Algeria", "Country Comparison: Natural Gas – Proved Reserves", "Le temps des crapules – Tout sur l'Algérie", "Ecological Footprint Accounting for Countries: Updates and Results of the National Footprint Accounts, 2012-2018", "Algérie a atteint 40,4 millions d'habitants (ONS)", "A Predominantly Neolithic Origin for Y-Chromosomal DNA Variation in North Africa", "A Quiet Revolution in Algeria: Gains by Women", "2013 UNHCR country operations profile – Algeria", United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants, "Western Sahara: Lack of Donor Funds Threatens Humanitarian Projects", "Fiches thématiques – Population immigrée – Immigrés 2012", "Diversité et interculturalité en Algérie", "L'Algérie crée une académie de la langue amazigh", "La mondialisation, une chance pour la francophonie", Office national des statistiques d'Algérie, "Algeria's Liberation, Terrorism, and Arabization", "Algérie: Situation géographique et démolinguistique", "Religious Composition by Country, 2010-2050", https://www.uscirf.gov/sites/default/files/Algeria.pdf, "Library of Congress Country Studies – Algeria", "Taux d'Analphabétisme et taux d'Alphabétisation de la population âgée de 10 ans et plus selon le sexe et la wilaya de résidence", "Ecoles privées, Tamazight, enseignement du Français, syndicats ... – Les vérités de Benbouzid", "Le taux d'analphabétisme en Algérie est de 21,3%", http://citypopulation.de/Algeria-Cities.html, "Short guide to contemporary Algerian cinema", "Algerian novelist Ahlem Mosteghanemi designated UNESCO artist for peace", "Luce Ben Aben, Moorish Women Preparing Couscous, Algiers, Algeria", Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, Union of Arab National Olympic Committees, African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Algeria&oldid=1002588068, Arabic-speaking countries and territories, Berber-speaking countries and territories, French-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean, States and territories established in 1962, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2018, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2013, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from February 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles containing Algerian Arabic-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Arabic-language sources (ar), Articles with French-language sources (fr), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The indigenous cultural and religious resistance heavily opposed this tendency, but in contrast to the other colonised countries' path in central Asia and Caucasus, Algeria kept its individual skills and a relatively human-capital intensive agriculture.[65]. Whole tribes set off with women, children, ancestors, animals and camping equipment. The Algeria country code and Algerian area code chart below gives you the necessary information for calling Algerian cities. They are located about 1,500 km (932 mi) south of the capital, Algiers, and just east of Tamanghasset. "[100] In December 2016, the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor issued a report regarding violation of media freedom in Algeria. After a nine-hour bombardment, they obtained a treaty from the Dey that reaffirmed the conditions imposed by Captain (later Commodore) Stephen Decatur (U.S. Navy) concerning the demands of tributes. Increasingly, women are contributing more to household income than men. The Algeria area code table below shows the various city codes for Algeria. To call Algeria from the U.S., just follow these dialing instructions: First dial 011, the U.S. exit code. On 3 July 1940, the British Royal Navy attacked the French Navy's fleet at Mers El Kébir, killing nearly 1,300 men, with the goal of preventing the French warships from falling into German hands. [97] Most of Algeria's weapons are imported from Russia, with whom they are a close ally. This arid geography makes the country very vulnerable to climate change.[10]. Tools of this era, starting about 30,000 BC, are called Aterian (after the archaeological site of Bir el Ater, south of Tebessa). They were primarily of French, Spanish and Italian origin. [106], Human Rights Watch has accused the Algerian authorities of using the COVID-19 pandemic as an excuse to prevent pro-democracy movements and protests in the country, leading to the arrest of youths as part of social distancing.[107]. High hydrocarbon prices have improved the current account and the already large international reserves position. Apart from the 122 private schools, the Universities of the State are free of charge. It is the national prefix to be used to dialing to this country … Albert Camus was an Algerian-born French Pied-Noir author. [94][127][128] At the outset of the 20th century, its population was approximately four million. [138], Despite the dominance of the Berber ethnicity in Algeria, the majority of Algerians identify with an Arabic-based identity, especially after the Arab nationalism rising in the 20th century. After nine years of primary school, students can go to the high school or to an educational institution. [150] There are about 150,000 Ibadis in the M'zab Valley in the region of Ghardaia. The Zirids, however, were ultimately defeated ushering in an adoption of Arab customs and culture. Morocco's claim to portions of western Algeria led to the Sand War in 1963. Algeria (native name: الجزائر) is a country located in Northern Africa. Currently, a part of Algerian writers tends to be defined in a literature of shocking expression, due to the terrorism that occurred during the 1990s, the other party is defined in a different style of literature who staged an individualistic conception of the human adventure. In 146 BC the city of Carthage was destroyed. The Carthaginian state declined because of successive defeats by the Romans in the Punic Wars.[21]. The historic roots of Algerian literature go back to the Numidian and Roman African era, when Apuleius wrote The Golden Ass, the only Latin novel to survive in its entirety. There reigned in Ifriqiya, current Tunisia, a Berber family, Zirid, somehow recognising the suzerainty of the Fatimid caliph of Cairo. Cakes are marketed and can be found in cities either in Algeria, in Europe or North America. However, French serves as an administrative and education language in some contexts, and Algerian Arabic is the main spoken language. https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Telephone_numbers_in_Algeria As a first step, Algerian literature was marked by works whose main concern was the assertion of the Algerian national entity, there is the publication of novels as the Algerian trilogy of Mohammed Dib, or even Nedjma of Kateb Yacine novel which is often regarded as a monumental and major work. [94] It is the direct successor of the National Liberation Army (Armée de Libération Nationale or ALN), the armed wing of the nationalist National Liberation Front which fought French colonial occupation during the Algerian War of Independence (1954–62). Among the important novelists of the 1980s were Rachid Mimouni, later vice-president of Amnesty International, and Tahar Djaout, murdered by an Islamist group in 1993 for his secularist views.[161]. Algeria is also crossed by the Trans-Sahara Highway, which is now completely paved. There is not a dish where cereals are not present. The financial support provided by the state, through the Fund for the Development of the Arts, Techniques and the Film Industry (FDATIC) and the Algerian Agency for Cultural Influence (AARC), plays a key role in the promotion of national production. ISO 3166-2:DZ is the entry for Algeria in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.. [122] In 2016 Algeria used 2.4 global hectares of biocapacity per person - their ecological footprint of consumption. If hydrocarbons are excluded, growth has been estimated at 4.8%. Among the most noted recent works, there is the writer, the swallows of Kabul and the attack of Yasmina Khadra, the oath of barbarians of Boualem Sansal, memory of the flesh of Ahlam Mosteghanemi and the last novel by Assia Djebar nowhere in my father's House. Historians, like Alistair Horne and Raymond Aron, state that the actual number of Algerian Muslim war dead was far greater than the original FLN and official French estimates but was less than the 1 million deaths claimed by the Algerian government after independence. Algeria country codes are followed by these area codes. In May 1945, the uprising against the occupying French forces was suppressed through what is now known as the Sétif and Guelma massacre. Among the dishes known, couscous,[167] chorba, rechta, chakhchoukha, berkoukes, shakshouka, mthewem, chtitha, mderbel, dolma, brik or bourek, garantita, lham'hlou, etc. The war led to the death of hundreds of thousands of Algerians and hundreds of thousands of injuries. [61][62] These settlers benefited from the French government's confiscation of communal land from tribal peoples, and the application of modern agricultural techniques that increased the amount of arable land. In fact, by the time the Byzantines arrived Leptis Magna was abandoned and the Msellata region was occupied by the indigenous Laguatan who had been busy facilitating an Amazigh political, military and cultural revival.[22][23]. [58][59] On September 17, 1860, Napoleon declared "Our first duty is to take care of the happiness of the three million Arabs, whom the fate of arms has brought under our domination. Algeria telephone code 213 is dialed after the IDD. In January 2016 Algeria's population was an estimated 40.4 million, who are mainly Arab-Berber ethnically. Chaâbi music is a typically Algerian musical genre characterized by specific rhythms and of Qacidate (popular poems) in Arabic dialect. It is officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria (Arabic: الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية‎, romanized: al-Jumhūriyya al-Jazāʾiriyya ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyya aš-Šaʿbiyya, French: République algérienne démocratique et populaire, abbreviated as RADP). After Masinissa's death in 148 BC, the Berber kingdoms were divided and reunited several times. It is a 3-way, 1,216-kilometre-long (756 mi) highway, linking Annaba in the extreme east to the Tlemcen in the far west. [102][103][104], Homosexuality is illegal in Algeria. It was during this time that the Fatimids or children of Fatima, daughter of Muhammad, came to the Maghreb. Algeria (/ælˈdʒɪəriə/ (listen) al-JEER-ee-ə, Berber: Lezzayer Arabic: الجزائر‎ al-Jazā'ir), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. After sunset, however, the clear, dry air permits rapid loss of heat, and the nights are cool to chilly. ", "Vísindavefurinn: Hvað gerðist í Tyrkjaráninu? This period had also known Augustine of Hippo, Nonius Marcellus and Martianus Capella, among many others. The AIS disbanded and levels of insurgent violence fell rapidly. In keeping with this policy, the government maintains an immunization program. Algeria is divided into 58 provinces (wilayas), 553 districts (daïras) and 1,541 municipalities (baladiyahs). Almost all of this population left during the war of independence or immediately after its end.[143]. 3.7K views View 13 Upvoters [22] They did not make any significant settlement on the land, as they were harassed by local tribes. [85] In recent years, many of these generals have died, retired, or been imprisoned. [94] Fiscal policy in 2011 remained expansionist and made it possible to maintain the pace of public investment and to contain the strong demand for jobs and housing. The current-account surplus is estimated at 9.3% of GDP and at the end of December 2011, official reserves were put at US$182 billion. 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Because of high costs and an inert state bureaucracy economy remains dominated the. M'Hamed El Anka homosexual behavior is punishable by up to two years in prison three-letter code is DZA Apart... Houari Boumédiène, his former ally and defence minister 3 ] the introduction of broad-sail from! This development program is meant to advance alternative energy production, especially solar and wind.... Cakes are also algeria country code at home, following the French colonial rule at over 10 was 22.3 % 15.6... Codes: https: //en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Telephone_numbers_in_Algeria ISO country codes for Algeria. algeria country code 80 as... Death in 148 BC, the country on the Mediterranean coast in Northern Africa, Algeria 's President...