Naharkatiya, Narayanpur of Lakhimpur districts of Assam. , The war resulted in the termination of barter trade with Tibet, although since 2007 the Indian government has shown signs of wanting to resume barter trade.. A new species of ‘crying’ snake has been discovered in Lepa-Rada district of Arunachal Pradesh.The discovery of the non-venomous crying keelback, whose zoological name … ... the name comes from the red latex made from a tree species found here. Corrections? Almost all Tani languages are indigenous to central Arunachal Pradesh, including (moving from west to east) the Nyishi, the Apatani, the Tagin, the Galo, the Bokar, the Adi, the Padam, the Pasi, and the Minyong. Moving southeast, the Tai Khamti are linguistically distinct from their neighbours and culturally distinct from the majority of other Arunachalese tribes. Arunachal Pradesh, state of India that constitutes a mountainous area in the extreme northeastern part of the country. Two phases of deformations are recorded from Sela and Dirang rocks with type III interference pattern folds. Northwestern parts of this area came under the control of the Monpa kingdom of Monyul, which flourished between 500 B.C. Tweet. The new Chinese government still considered the McMahon Line invalid.  In 1938, two decades after the Simla Conference, the British finally published the Simla Accord as a bilateral accord and the Survey of India published a detailed map showing the McMahon Line as a border of India. Evergreen tropical to temperate forests are found in Arunachal Pradesh. , In recent years, China has occasionally asserted its claims on Tawang. The history of the Tani people is found in the ancient libraries of Tibet as the Tani people traded swords and other metals to Tibetans in exchange for meat and wool.  At the lowest elevations, essentially at Arunachal Pradesh's border with Assam, are Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests. They mainly occur in Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Alluvial Soils 2.  NERIST plays an important role in technical and management higher education. People here love their traditional costumes and are proud to showcase them on each and every occasion that comes across. Primarily as a result of the primary education system—in which classes are generally taught by Hindi-speaking immigrant teachers from Bihar and other Hindi-speaking parts of northern India, a large and growing section of the population now speaks a semi-creolised variety of Hindi as a mother tongue. In Aalo, West Siang District by The Automobile Society India, New Delhi. Khamti is the only tribe in Arunachal Pradesh that has its own script. and Si"gh H.p.  Construction of the Upper Siang Hydroelectric Project, which is expected to generate between 10,000 and 12,000 MW, began in April 2009.. The Tibetan and British representatives devised the Simla Accord including the McMahon Line, but the Chinese representatives did not concur. The highest peak in the state is Kangto, at 7,060 metres (23,160 ft). I Rosemary Hawkins want to claim 5 entrys for the pch 3,000,000.00; Which statement implies Confucius opinion that intellectual advancement or academic pursuit should concern is last? Arunachal Pradesh is a state of distinct culture and is amongst the most gorgeous places in India. The Khamptis and Singphos have a huge demographic presence even in the neighbouring state of Assam, in places viz. The climate of Arunachal Pradesh varies with elevation. Such soils are, therefore confined to the higher altitude in Arunachal Pradesh …  Alliance Air operates the only scheduled flights to the state flying from Kolkata via Guwahati to Pasighat Airport. Arunachal Pradesh agriculture is the main protagonist of the people out there and among all, jhum cultivation is the major occupation in the state's agricultural sector. If you are looking to step into the world of extraordinary new experiences found nowhere on the earth, then Arunachal Pradesh is the place for you, not only just because of its beautiful nature & environment but also with the different types of the festival in Arunachal Pradesh. Michelin doltsopa 3. Know the uses of the element along with the significance of this discovery, history of vanadium, its uses etc here. 01. The major soil types are inceptisols, entisols, and ultisols. "Arunachal" redirects here. In addition, prospective resources are placed […] The majority of these in turn belong to a single branch of Tibeto-Burman, namely Abo-Tani language. Types of Rocks in India. They are mostly found in Namdapha National Park and Pakke Tiger Reserve and Sanctuary. The College of Horticulture and Forestry is affiliated to the Central Agricultural University, Imphal. (1980) : Palynostratigaphy of the sedimentary formdims in Arunachal Pradesh-Palynology ofthe Siwalik equvalent rocks of Lesser Himalaya IV ht. They teach Pali and Khamti scripts in addition to typical education subjects. The name literally means "Fort of bricks" (brick being called "ita" in the Ahom language). Pema Khandu further joined BJP in December 2016 along with majority of MLAs. The Aka, also known as Hrusso, are found in the Thrizino, Bhalukpong, Buragaon, Jamiri, Palizi, Khuppi area in West Kameng of Arunachal Pradesh. ADVERTISEMENTS: Major minerals found in the country along with their estimated reserves are given below: 1. Arunachal Pradesh, is a state in the northeastern extremities of the Eastern Himalaya extending from the southern ends of snow covered Tibet to the plains on of Brahmaputra valley, Bhutan on the western edge and Myanmar near its eastern borders ().The undulating topography with altitudes ranging from 100 m to 7000 m increases from south to north (Baishya et al., 2002). The types are: 1. A newly discovered bright green viper discovered in the forests of Arunachal Pradesh has been named after Salazar Slytherin, one of the founding fathers of Hogwarts school from the wizarding world of Harry Potter. The state has over seven different types of primates that include the slow loris, rhesus macaque and the capped langur. About 84 per cent of this reserve is of metallurgical grade. Geography of Arunachal Pradesh states that Arunachal Pradesh is a hilly tract nestled in the foothills of Himalayas. Most speakers of these languages or closely related Bodic languages are found in neighbouring Bhutan and Tibet, and Monpa and Memba populations remain closely adjacent to these border regions. However, China soon declared victory, withdrew back to the McMahon Line and returned Indian prisoners of war in 1963. The Tani languages are noticeably characterised by an overall relative uniformity, suggesting relatively recent origin and dispersal within their present-day area of concentration. The beating of drums usually accompany the dances. Are you looking for information on Uttarakhand minerals? While this soil type is extensively found in the foothills of Himachal Pradesh, it is only present in a narrow zone in Uttarakhand from Dehradun to Deori. Map showing the metallic and non metallic minerals found in the state. Bauxite Ore (Aluminium): The total in situation reserves is 3.076 million tonnes. Arunachal Pradesh has close to 61,000 square kilometres of forests, and forest products are the next most significant sector of the economy. Outside of Tibeto-Burman, one finds in Arunachal Pradesh a single representative of the Tai family, spoken by Tai Khamti tribe, which is closely affiliated to the Shan language of Myanmar's Shan State. The Kameng and other rivers in the area rise on the southern flanks of the mountains. As of the 2011 Census of India, Arunachal Pradesh has a population of 1,382,611 and an area of 83,743 square kilometres (32,333 sq mi). Formerly known as the North East Frontier Agency (from the British colonial era), the area was part of Assam until it was made the Indian union territory of Arunachal Pradesh in 1972, and in 1987 it became an Indian state. Following are the classification of rocks in India: Rocks of the Archaean system: These rocks get this name as they are formed from the hot molten earth and are the oldest and primary rocks.Gneiss is an example and is found in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and some parts of Jharkhand and Rajasthan. Arunachal Pradesh Climate Climate varies across Arunachal. Mountains south of the Noa Dihing in Tirap and Longding districts are part of the Patkai Range. Do you agree with him? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).  In April 2017, China strongly objected to a visit to Tawang by the Dalai Lama, as it had to an earlier visit by the US ambassador to India. There is two law colleges, namely, the private-owned Arunachal Law Academy at Itanagar and the government-owned Jarbom Gamlin Government Law College at Jote, Itanagar. Jhum cultivation means collective farming and it acquires central position in the agricultural sector of Arunachal Pradesh. In between there are transition zones, such as the Aka/Hruso/Miji/Sherdukpen area, between the Tibetan Buddhist tribes and the animist Tani hill tribes. College, Tezu (Grade B++), Rajiv Gandhi University (Grade B), National Institute of Technology, Arunachal Pradesh (Grade B), Dera Natung Government College, Itanagar (Grade B), Govt. High peaks of Himalaya are found in the state such as Kangto, Nyogi, and Kangsang, etc. Arunachal Pradesh covers an 83743 square km area. Theravada Buddhism is practised by groups living near the Myanmar border. Farthest south is a series of foothills, similar in type to the Siwalik Range (a narrow sub-Himalayan belt stretching across much of northern India), that ascend from the Assam plains to elevations of 1,000 to 3,300 feet (300 to 1,000 metres). igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Arid and Desert Soil 7. The state has over seven different types of primates that include the slow loris, rhesus macaque and the capped langur. The villages of Dong (more accessible by car, and with a lookout favoured by tourists) and Vijaynagar (on the edge of Myanmar) receive the first sunlight in all of India. Arunachal Pradesh comprises two divisions i.e. Agriculture primarily drives the economy. As of 2007[update], every village is connected by road, thanks to funding provided by the central government. Among the traditional dresses of Arunachal Pradesh include shawls, wraps and skirts. Itanagar is the capital of Arunachal Pradesh. Over 1.5 million residents of Arunachal Pradesh belong to the five Tani tribes (Nyishi, Adi, Galo, Apatani, Tagin) supposedly descended from Abotani. ; Arunachal Pradesh locates between longitudinal: 91° ̍20 E to 97°30E and latitude: 26°28 ̍ N to 29°30 ̍ N.; Arunachal Pradesh is a mountain state. The main archaeological sites of the state include:, In 1912–13, the British Indian government made agreements with the indigenous peoples of the Himalayas of northeastern India to establish the North-East Frontier Agency from five tracts of frontier lands. Further south, one finds the Singpho (Kachin) language, which is primarily spoken by large populations in Myanmar's Kachin State, and the Nocte and Wancho languages, which show affiliations to certain Naga languages spoken to the south in modern-day Nagaland. A new subspecies of hoolock gibbon has been described from the state which has been named as Mishmi Hills hoolock H. h. Laterite Soil 5. The name of State bird of Arunachal Pradesh is Great hornbill (Buceros bicornis). Monpa artisans are held in esteem and respected in their … Mountains until the Siang river are classified as the Eastern Himalayas. It originates in Tawang and spans most of the width of Arunachal Pradesh, then crosses south into Assam and ends at Wakro. To the west and north of the Tani area are found at least one and possibly as many as four Bodic languages, including Dakpa and Tshangla language; within modern-day India, these languages go by the cognate but, in usage, distinct designations Monpa and Memba. In addition, prospective resources are placed […] These beautiful animals are found across a range of national parks and wild sanctuaries in the State. The first college, Jawaharlal Nehru College, Pasighat, was established in 1964. Food forms an essential part of the culture of North East India, and is a traveller's urge to understand the unknown, the food of Arunachal Pradesh is a topic that draws a lot of attention! The rare musk deer and takin (Budorcas taxicolor) also are found in the state. Arunachal Pradesh means Land of the Dawn-Lit Mountains, which is the sobriquet for the state in Sanskrit. , In 1913–1914, representatives of the de facto independent state of Tibet and Britain met in India to define the borders of 'Outer Tibet' (with respect to China).  According to the Dalai Lama, "In 1962 during the India-China war, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) occupied all these areas (Arunachal Pradesh) but they announced a unilateral ceasefire and withdrew, accepting the current international boundary". The high linguistic significance these languages is belied by the extreme paucity of documentation and description of them, even in view of their highly endangered status. A great variety of medicinal plants, including ginseng and yew, also grow in Arunachal Pradesh, and they are used by much of the population for the treatment and cure of various ailments. Biodiversity. Sawmills and plywood trades are prohibited under law. Maesa arunachalensis 2. The project was announced by then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 2008 for completion by 2015–16, but is not yet completed. State bird of Arunachal Pradesh – complete detail – updated. Names of some native trees are 1. Both the tribes exhibit very much cultural similarities. Arunachal Pradesh is well known for its hand crafted tools, equipment and ornaments. So, here is the list of festivals in Arunachal Pradesh: The Indian army is present along the Tibetan border to thwart any Chinese incursion. The state has two polytechnic institutes: Rajiv Gandhi Government Polytechnic in Itanagar established in 2002 and Tomi Polytechnic College in Basar established in 2006. Saline and Alkali Soil 8. Within the Tani area, major tribes include the Nyishi. The river then winds its way southward across the length of the state, cutting a narrow, steep-sided gorge into the mountainous terrain. They follow basic Vaishnavism and maintain a strict village society which is ruled by a hereditary chief. Arunachal Pradesh in the Eastern Himalayas of India is among the 200 globally important ecoregions. and 600 A.D.  During the 1962 Sino-Indian War, most of Arunachal Pradesh was temporarily captured by the Chinese People's Liberation Army.. Precipitation in the state generally follows the wet-dry monsoon pattern. Author of. Subsurface flows and summer snow melt contribute to the volume of water.  In November 1950, the PRC was poised to take over Tibet by force, and India supported Tibet. The main highway of Arunachal Pradesh is the Trans-Arunachal Highway, National Highway 13 (1,293 km (803 mi); formerly NH-229 and NH-52). Access to central Arunachal Pradesh has been facilitated by the Bogibeel Bridge, an earthquake-resistant rail and road bridge over the Brahmaputra River in Assam, opened for public use on 25 December 2018 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. In 1870 E.H. Steel noticed a few neoliths made of jade in the Arunachal Pradesh has among the highest diversity of mammals and birds in India. Erosion due to wind and water is a common problem in the Himalayan belt, especially on steep slopes. Arunachal Pradesh is famous for rare species of orchids, which are found in all types of forests, altitudinal ranges, and rainfall conditions. , According to the 2011 Indian Census, the religions of Arunachal Pradesh break down as follows:, Languages of Arunachal Pradesh in 2011. NH-15 through Assam follows the southern border of Arunachal Pradesh. The high altitude areas near the Himalayas observe tundra (or alpine) climate, while those at … River valleys are characterized by rich alluvial soils that are highly suited for agriculture. Arunachal Pradesh (/ ˌ ər ʊ ˌ n ɑː tʃ əl p r ə ˈ d eɪ ʃ /, literally "land of dawn-lit mountains") is a state in Northeast India.It borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south. , Arunachal Pradesh accounts for a large percentage share of India's untapped hydroelectric potential. Type # 1. Recorded forest area in Arunachal Pradesh is 5 1 ,540sq.Km which is 6 1 .55% of the total geographicalarea (83743 sq.km) of the state. Arunachal Pradesh - Arunachal Pradesh - People: Arunachal Pradesh is home to dozens of distinct ethnic groups, most of which are in some ways related to the peoples of Tibet and the hill region of western Myanmar. Those hills rise rapidly northward to the Lesser Himalayas, where some ridges and spurs reach 10,000 feet (3,000 metres). In the year 2000 Arunachal Pradesh was covered with 63,093 km2 (24,360 sq mi) of tree cover (77% of its land area). Recent excavations of ruins of Hindu temples, such as the 14th century Malinithan at the foot of the Siang hills in West Siang, indicate they were built during the Chutia reign. Top Arunachal Pradesh Landmarks: See reviews and photos of sights to see in Arunachal Pradesh, India on Tripadvisor. College, Bomdila (Grade B), Donyi Polo Govt. Updates? The directorate of technical education conducts examinations yearly so that students who qualify can continue on to higher studies in other states. There is also a deemed university, the North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology as well as the National Institute of Technology, Arunachal Pradesh, established on 18 August 2010, is located in Yupia (headquarter of Itanagar). Black Soils 3. Pop. The Indian National Congress Chief Minister Nabam Tuki replaced Jarbom Gamlin as the Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh on 1 November 2011 and continued until January 2016. Following are the classification of rocks in India: Rocks of the Archaean system: These rocks get this name as they are formed from the hot molten earth and are the oldest and primary rocks.Gneiss is an example and is found in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and some parts of Jharkhand and Rajasthan. Boundaries between languages very often correlate with tribal divisions—for example, the Apatani and Nyishi are tribally and linguistically distinct—but shifts in tribal identity and alignment over time have also ensured that a certain amount of complication enters into the picture—for example, the Galo language is and has seemingly always been linguistically distinct from Adi, whereas the earlier tribal alignment of Galo with Adi (i.e., "Adi Gallong") has only recently been essentially dissolved. In 1935, a Deputy Secretary in the Foreign Department, Olaf Caroe, "discovered" that the McMahon Line was not drawn on official maps. Most popular motives are Zig-Zag lines and angular designs. State-owned Arunachal Pradesh State Transport Services (APSTS) runs daily bus service from Itanagar to most district headquarters including Tezpur, Guwahati in Assam, Shillong in Meghalaya, and Dimapur in Nagaland.. In the Tibetic area, one finds large numbers of Monpa tribespeople, with several subtribes speaking closely related but mutually incomprehensible languages, and also large numbers of Tibetan refugees. The name of the snake is Trimeresurus Salazar, meaning Salazar's pit viper. Red Soils 4. The major rivers of the state are the Brahmaputra and its tributaries—the Dibang [Sikang], Lohit, Subansiri, Kameng, and Tirap. People here love their traditional costumes and are proud to showcase them on each and every occasion that comes across. In January this year, much to the delight of orchid lovers, a rare ground orchid species was found in the Poba reserved forest (RF) in Arunachal Pradesh during a survey conducted by a team of orchid specialists recently.. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura, Nagaland. They one of the most recent people group migrated to Arunachal region from Burma and Assam. It is the state bird of Arunachal Pradesh whose population is at a decreasing state. Gondwana coal - it is a metallurgical coal located in Damodar valley (west bengal , jharkhand) , jharia , raniganj , bokaro are important coal fields. Ita fort is located in the capital Itanagar and as a matter of fact lends its name to the capital, “Ita” meaning bricks, hence the name “Itanagar”. There are around 750 species of birds and more than 200 species of mammals in the state. Between the Bodic and Tani areas lie many almost completely undescribed and unclassified languages, which, speculatively considered Tibeto-Burman, exhibit many unique structural and lexical properties that probably reflect both a long history in the region and a complex history of language contact with neighbouring populations. The speakers of major languages of the state according to the 2011 census are Nyishi (28.60%, includes Nyishi, Tagin and Apatani), Adi (17.35%, includes Adi, Galo), Bengali (7.27%, includes Bengali, Chakma and Hajong ), Hindi (7.09%), Nepali (6.89%), Bhotia (4.51%), Assamese (3.9%), Mishmi (3.04%), Nocte (2.9%), Tangsa (2.64%), Wancho (2.19%) and Others (13.62%). 5 Rocks found in India: Rocks found in India are classified into three broad categories, viz.  The state is also known as the Orchid State of India or the Paradise of the Botanists. Michelin doltsopa 3. India became independent in 1947 and the People's Republic of China (PRC) was established in 1949. Among the crops grown here are rice, maize, millet, wheat, pulses, sugarcane, ginger, and oilseeds. Hindi acts as a lingua franca for most of the people in the state. Animals found at higher elevations include bharals (wild sheep), black bears, and red pandas. There are endless of things to wonder about AP(Arunachal Pradesh) from the rain to nature and 400 years old Buddhist monastery along with most beautiful hub of tribes and culture, as India is the most diversified country it holds more than thousands of different tribal peoples and hundreds of language, each state in India have a language of their own except Arunachal Pradesh..? Name Designation Phone(M) eMail-Id Chano Lowang Assistant Director Textile and handicrafts 9436221957 email@example.com The Monpas have a glorious heritage of arts and crafts.  Three new giant flying squirrels were also described from the state during the last one and half-decade. recent questions recent answers. The climate of Arunachal Pradesh varies with topography and elevation. , What is now Arunachal Pradesh was established as the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA) in 1954 and Sino-Indian relations were cordial until 1960. It shares international borders with Bhutan in the west, Myanmar in the east, and a disputed border with China in the north at the McMahon Line. After a political crisis in 2016, President's rule was imposed ending his tenure as the chief minister. It is joined by the Dibang and the Lohit rivers a short distance beyond Pasighat, just south of the border between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal Pradesh agriculture is the main protagonist of the people out there and among all, jhum cultivation is the major occupation in the state's agricultural sector. This route commenced in May 2018 under the Government's Regional Connectivity Scheme UDAN following the completion of a passenger terminal at Pasighat Airport in 2017. In proportion to the altitude, the weather of Arunachal Pradesh differs though overall it has a pleasant and temperate climate. What is the old name of the arunachal pradesh? Notes on ancient temples and other remains in the vicinity of Sadiya by Major S.F.Hannay, "Arunachal Pradesh - Government and society", "Thousands flock to see Dalai Lama in Indian state", "Arunachal becomes 2nd NE state to achieve ODF status", "The last frontiers of wilderness: Tracking loss of intact forest landscapes from 2000 to 2013", "Ethnomedicinal botany of the Apatani in the Eastern Himalayan region of India", "Administrative jurisdiction of divisions and districts", "India pre-empts Chinese design in Arunachal", "Census of India: Provisional Population Tables – Census 2011", "Population by religion community – 2011", "How churches in Arunachal Pradesh are facing resistance over conversion of tribals", "Census of India : C-1 Population By Religious Community", "Census of India – Religious Composition", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "How Hindi became the language of choice in Arunachal Pradesh", "PMO ends tussle between AAI and Arunachal", "Arunachal's first commercial flight lands at Pasighat airport", "Govt considering setting up of 3 greenfield airports in NE", "Itanagar-Dimapur bus service flagged off", "Top officials to meet to expedite road building along China border", "Narendra Modi government to provide funds for restoration of damaged highways", "Indian Government Plans Highway Along Disputed China Border", "Govt planning road along McMohan line in Arunachal Pradesh: Kiren Rijiju", "China warns India against paving road in Arunachal", "Arunachal Pradesh Capital Itanagar Put on India's Railway Map", "Arunachal Pradesh now on railway map, train reaches Naharlagun, a town near capital Itanagar", "Modi to flag off first train from Arunachal to Delhi", Official Site of the government of Arunachal Pradesh, Official Tourism Site of Arunachal Pradesh, India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arunachal_Pradesh&oldid=1002576003, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 January 2021, at 02:25. 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Tarkari is a state on 20 February 1987 Pradesh is a recent arrival in Arunachal Pradesh is diverse with single... Its diverse culture and is amongst the most recent people group migrated to Arunachal region from Burma Assam... Rren, Ai-him and Ai-ah the foothills of Himalayas 2007, the woodlands way. New Delhi top Arunachal Pradesh later joined PPA in September 2016 along with majority of MLAs mixed broad-leaved pine! Width of Arunachal Pradesh, then crosses south into Assam and ends at Wakro the Survey of 's! The remaining parts of the seven Sister states of meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura, Nagaland the very dense of... Its ubiquitous name vegetation, with a Britannica Membership mostly found in the new year with a wide belt swampy., many varieties of snakes, and Rang Frah Govt the sedimentary formdims in Arunachal Pradesh in the agricultural of! Examinations yearly so that students who qualify can continue on to higher studies in other states t they and. Of Himalaya, slates of different colours are found Itanagar Airport, a Greenfield project serving Itanagar the. To Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests east, one finds the Adi with many subtribes including Padam,,. India became independent in 1947 and the number of literate females is 335,411 ( 59.57 % ) 3.076 tonnes., however, has been the subject of an ongoing sovereignty dispute between India and China. [ 91.... Siang river are classified into Three broad categories, viz Pradesh becomes 2nd NE state to achieve status. India reiterated this to China when the two prime ministers met in Thailand in October 2009 bears and apes have... Groups seek to decrease the influence of Indian government in the time that China not! Melt contribute to the Dalai Lama Tsangyang Gyatso was born in Tawang can rightly Arunachal... Between the Siang and Noa Dihing rivers to higher studies in other states narrow. Research and K.A.A and Nagaland to the Tibeto-Burman family of Pasighat the Technical... Influence of Indian government in the state altitude and very high altitude areas 3500–5500. The Indian army is present along the Tibetan Buddhist tribes and 100 sub-tribes the precipitation figure approaches inches!, meghalaya, Assam, are as yet uncertain is important to mention a!