The Everglades is slowly losing some of its flora and fauna due to climate change and the encroachment of urban growth. Two native plant species within the park have been federally listed, including one as threatened and one as endangered, and five species are candidates for listing. The introduction of exotic plants to the Everglades began in the 1800s with the settlement of big populations and has been escalating ever since. Invasive species in the Everglades are exotic plants and animals that are not native to the area and have aggressively adapted to conditions in wilderness areas in southern Florida.The Everglades are a massive watershed in the southern portion of the U.S. state of Florida that drains overflow from the vast shallow Lake Okeechobee that is in turn fed by the Kissimmee River. Palmetto is long living, and some plants may be as old as seven hundred years! One seedless vascular plant in the Everglades is the Old World Climbing Fern. These unique plants not only serve as food and shelter for the animals that live there, but also assist in filtering the water that flows through them. Everglade National Park’s great floral variety is one of the park’s most significant resources. Native plant species were gradually disappearing and being replaced by exotic plants, some of which were formerly cultivated and used for landscaping or in the nursery trade. The rainiest season is Autumn when it rains 43% of the time and the driest is Spring with only a 15% chance of a rainy day. The Florida Everglades. However, it is still listed as threatened. An aerial view of the Everglades backcountry. The Everglades’ location on a peninsula that extends from North America’s temperate climate to the subtropical Caribbean climate consists of tropical, temperate and endemic species. The Everglades is a region in the southern tip of Florida that is home to a unique ecosystem.The unique ecosystem has given rise to a unique group of flora and fauna. The largest ecosystem (mangrove) in western side and it is also the largest wilderness that you can find in the Southeast region. The Everglades is home to an array of plants that thrive in the wet, subtropical climate. That means the producers there are mostly water loving plants. The Water Willow's scientific name is Justicia angst. Learn about the true grasses that grow within the famed River of Grass. Only 100 remain in the wild. The Everglades provides important habitat for numerous species like the manatee, American crocodile and the elusive Florida panther. The organism then is able to spend an increased amount of time in the sunlight, which allows it to be more food for itself and the fungi. Although the number changes from time to time as more information is gathered, 66 species that are native to the park are considered to be critically imperiled in south Florida, including grasses, sedges, ferns, orchids, shrubs, trees, and vines. Among recent successes are measures to reduce pollution in Lake Okeechobee, improve freshwater flow to Everglades National Park, and restore 20 miles of the Kissimmee River. Lichens are not consider plants, because they are actually a group of fungi. Retrieved May 26, 2015, from http://www.ars.usda.gov/docs.htm?docid=18839, Citelighter is the fast, fun, and easy way to do research. The optimal growing conditions that are prevalent throughout south Florida foster a lush growth of plant life that sustains a diverse complex of flora. Retrieved May 27, 2015, from https://www.flickr.com/photos/alan_cressler/3217103904/, Key West Area Parks Everglades National Park   . Retrieved May 26, 2015, from http://fineartamerica.com/featured/cypress-trees-in-the-everglades-raul-touzon.html, Florida Native Plant Society. As of 2017, manatees are no longer listed as an endangered species. (n.d.). These trees were harvested during the early to mid 1900s. Baldderwort Bladderwort is a free-floating plant that can be found on the surface of the waters of the Everglades. Mayaca fluviatilis can also be called bog moss. It also can be used as a 'habitat', because it provides food and water for organisms. We are a small tropical fruit tree farm and nursery. This Gallery is inspired by my friend and fellow photographer Barry Ailetcher. Of more than 760 plants in Everglades National Park, an exhaustive new 10-year study identifies nearly 60 that are critically imperiled. Of the land mammals who make the Everglades their home, many can be found across most of the United States. The plants in the Everglades, for example, have had to adapt to the very wet, subtropical environment. Image credit: Anthony Ricci/Shutterstock. If you wish to view the native plants of the area, such as the cactus tree, Krug’s holly, lignum-vitae, and manchineel, booking an airboat tour is a great way to experience these endangered species. It helps keep the water clean by trapping sediments, as well. The Kissimmee-Okeechobee-Everglades ecosystem includes more than 12 natural plant communities, hundreds of distinctive habitats, and thousands of interconnected ecological niches. We specialize in growing beautiful trees that can produce exotic tropical fruits for you. We passionately take care of each one of our trees, so when you receive them, they become part of your home and their fruits can be shared with your family and friends. The Everglades is made up of wetlands, including sawgrass prairies, freshwater ponds and swamps. The bobcat, raccoon, opossum, white-tail deer, wood rats, and skunk are all Everglades animals.The Florida panther, the most endangered species in the Everglades, has a very small population. Unlike the Spanish moss, the Old World Climbing Fern possess roots and stems. For example, the Everglades ecosystem provides drinking water for one-third of Florid… Everglades National Park is an American national park that protects the southern twenty percent of the original Everglades in Florida.The park is the largest tropical wilderness in the United States, and the largest wilderness of any kind east of the Mississippi River.An average of one million people visit the park each year. Most invasive species are fish and animals, but some plants and insects also feature on this list. Perhaps the most famous habitat of the Everglades is the sawgrass (in reality a member of the sedge family rather than a true grass, Cladium jamaicense) that dominates marshes in terms of abundance and biomass. The lichen supports a protective exterior surface, a shell, in a way, for its host organism. Disturbances, both natural (including fire, freezes, hurricanes, etc.) This sturdy grass occupies thousands of acres in an area stretching 300 and 60 miles wide from the Kissimmee River to Florida Bay. To its natural abundance we owe the spectacular plant and animal life that distinguishes this place from all others in our country.” President Harry S. Truman, Dedication of Everglades National Park, December 6, 1947 Saw grass, sometimes referred to as Everglades river grass, is one plant that can be found in the Florida Everglades. and human-caused (such as altered fire regimes, drainage, development, and introduction of exotic pest plants), also impact vegetation patterns. 40001 State Road 9336 Tropical plants and animals predominate in southern regions of the Everglades, whereas temperate species are common in the north. With the support of many early conservationists and advocates, Everglades National Park was established in 1947 to conserve the natural landscape and prevent further degradation of a portion of the Greater Everglades. See more ideas about plants, everglades, water lily. The vibrant, detailed botanical illustrations on this page and others are by NPS volunteer and artist Kathleen Konicek-Moran. Other factors, such as climate change, also stress the ecosystem. The West Indian manatee can be found in the … Located at the confluence of temperate North America and the tropical Caribbean, Everglades National Park is home to representative flora from both climes. Everglades is the third-largest national park in the … Sloughs are the main paths of moving water through the Everglades. As one of the most plentiful ecosystems in the world, the Florida Everglades is a unique landscape that provides all its residents with the necessary tools to survive and thrive in South Florida. Endangered plants of the rocky pinelands and hardwood hammocks include: • Brittle thatch palm (Thrinax morrissii) • Buccaneer palm (Pseudophoenix sargentii) • Florida thatch palm (Thrinax parvitolia) The Everglades is comprised of more than 100 marsh species that live in water all or much of the year. For a chance at spotting some of rare and stunning Everglades orchids, an airboat tour is a great way to travel around different plant life that the orchids can be growing on. That is nearly one out of every four (22.5%) of the park's native plant species! From photosynthetic periphyton, which is the tiniest building block of the Everglades food chain, to the largest remaining stand of pine rockland forest in south Florida, each and every plant cell plays an important role in the Everglades ecosystem. There are 122.9 rainy days annually in Everglades, which is rainier than most places in Florida. Some of these species can only be seen in this unique landmark. In fact, the Old World Climbing Fern is invading native species. The dominant plant in the Everglades is saw grass. Students will discuss and identify the different ways humans and animals use water. (n.d.). Homestead, FL The region is ranked as the largest wetland ecosystem (subtropical) in the North America region. Are there Medicinal and Edible Plants In The Everglades? The Florida Everglades' invasive species were often introduced from other parts of the world by humans. They will complete a matching handout and make the connection that the Everglades is the primary source of freshwater for people, plants, and animals in southern Florida. Cypress Swamp courtesy South Florida Water Management District. The plant is potentially harmful for the Everglades environment. The Florida Everglades' invasive species were often introduced from other parts of the world by humans. Surficial geology and overlying soil type also influence the composition and abundance of plant species. Invasive plants are a significant threat to the Everglades. An early American environmentalist named Gifford Pinchot said of the Everglades, "It is a region so different that it hardly seems to belong to the United States. Its wetlands and wildlife draw large numbers of birders, anglers, boaters, and other outdoor enthusiasts. Despite the challenges of human alterations, abundant endemic plant species remain. (n.d.). Retrieved May 27, 2015, from https://prezi.com/aiqkwtqlbpk1/the-everglades-freshwater-biome/, Agave decipiens, turner river shell middens, turner river, everglades national park, collier county, florida 1. The Everglades, also known as the 'River of Grass,' is home to over 700 species of plants and animals. Learn about lichens that grow within the park. The Everglades is recognized both nationally and internationally as one of the world's most unique natural and cultural resources. Tropical plants and animals predominate in southern regions of the Everglades, whereas temperate species are common in the north. Learn more about Kathleen Konicek-Moran and what inspires her bountiful flow of creativity. Although the Everglades is primarily a fresh-water ecosystem, it also encompasses nearly 196,280 hectares (485,000 acres) of the salty Florida Bay and Gulf of Mexico. The organism then is able to spend an increased amount of time in the sunlight, which allows it to be more food for itself and the fungi. Plants in the Everglades National Park. Melaleuca, ironically and purposely introduced by plane, to Florida, from Australia, in order to dry up the swampy Everglades, to make it more suitable for human use. Although nine distinct ecosystems have been identified within Everglades National Park, their boundaries overlap within the dynamic landscape, which is subject to the elements of south Florida. Although the Everglades is primarily a fresh-water ecosystem, it also encompasses nearly 196,280 hectares (485,000 acres) of the salty Florida Bay and Gulf of Mexico. The Everglades, also known as the 'River of Grass,' is home to over 700 species of plants and animals. The hydroperiod is approximately 11 months, making this an idea habitat for aquatic plants. The Everglades are dominated by sawgrass in water; this is the titular "River of Grass" popularized by Marjory Stoneman Douglas in 1947. Of the land mammals who make the Everglades their home, many can be found across most of the United States. Its most well-known wetland plant is sawgrass, a normally hearty grass-like species that has formed thousands of acres of marshes. August is the rainiest month in Everglades with 18.6 days of rain, and April is the driest month with only 5.3 rainy days. Development in south Florida over the past 100 years altered this vibrant ecosystem, reducing its original area by roughly 50 percent. The grass we see is called sawgrass and it is a sedge and not a grass at all, more like a weed that is known to be some of the oldest types of grass on the planet. This does not include areas to the north of the National Park, such as Lake Okeechobee, PLANT HOST PLANTS and the butterflies will come… even before you take the plants out of the pots! The needle-sharp leaves of saw grass grow in shallow waters where it reaches up to 6 feet or more in height. Pictures: Plants in the Everglades Jan 14, 2013 at 4:26 PM From tall cypress trees to sprawling mangroves and tangled vines, the Everglades has a diverse collection of plant life. Floating aquatics such as white water lily (Nymphaea odorata) are common and a submerged complex of plants is dominated by bladderwort (Utricularia spp.). Known as the River of Mirrors because of the amazing reflections in the water, the Noosa Everglades is a 60km stretch of pristine waters, magnificent flora and fauna and narrow waterways. The Everglades also provides critical, and often undervalued, benefits to people, called ecosystem services. The water willow is a very beautiful plant. Species which have been seen by the authors in Everglades National Park (ENP), but which The trees grow in dense stands that displace native cypress and sawgrass trees. There are some well-recognized Everglades plants such as the mangrove forests and the sawgrass marshes. Another major factor that controls the distribution of vegetation within the Everglades is the hydrologic pattern, which is defined by the depth, timing, and duration of inundation (flooding) as well as the quality and salinity of the source water. The size of the park: The world ‘largest’ is used with the Everglades National park for a number of reasons. The lichen supports a protective exterior surface, a shell, in a way, for its host organism. Unfortunately, this unique environment is being threatened by non-native plant species that invade the area and make it difficult for native plants and animals to flourish. Some of the exotic plants that have proven to be a great threat to the Everglades were introduced to … Bog mass is extremely helpful to the ecosystem. What Makes the Everglades? The flat topography, temporal distribution of rainfall, and proximity to the coast all interact to determine the hydrologic regime. In touring the Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Everglades National Park, canals and storm-water treatment areas, participants saw a proliferation of invasive plants that are degrading … It reaches 200 miles north of the Park and includes urban and agricultural areas, rock quarries, sugar mills and power plants. Pictures: Plants in the Everglades Jan 14, 2013 at 4:26 PM From tall cypress trees to sprawling mangroves and tangled vines, the Everglades has a diverse collection of plant life. DISTINCTIVE HABITATS The mosaic of habitats found within the Greater Everglades Ecosystem supports an assemblage of plant and animal species not found elsewhere on the planet. Image credit: Anthony Ricci/Shutterstock. Among the more prominent and colorful plants are bromeliads and epiphytic orchids. Doing so may pose a … Did you know the Everglades are home to over 350 species o… Retrieved May 26, 2015, from http://www.waynewillison.com/draped.html. The “River of Grass” was a book written by Marjory Stoneman Douglas in 1947 which gave the Everglades its nickname. Lichens are not consider plants, because they are actually a group of fungi. Learn about some of the hundreds of wildflower species that grow in the park. (n.d.). PROVIDE NATIVE PLANTS and native animals will return. The Everglades National Park in southern Florida is a place of beauty and also danger. The Everglades is surrounded by human development, including the cities of Miami and Fort Lauderdale. The plants lower leaves also produce spores. We are a small tropical fruit tree farm and nursery. We specialize in growing beautiful trees that can produce exotic tropical fruits for you. I know it would take me years to even get close to the quality of work he does. Thirty-nine native orchid species occur in the park, in addition to about 750 other kinds of native seed-bearing plants. In touring the Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Everglades National Park, canals and storm-water treatment areas, participants saw a proliferation of invasive plants that are degrading … The Everglades is a delegate ecosystem; the seagrass produces oxygen and is a food and shelter source for so many livening organisms. Saw Palmetto is a long living plant endemic to the Everglades. For example, eight distinct habitats have been identified in Everglades National Park alone. Recognized by its characteristic fan palm and spikey shrubs, this plant creates the backdrop for much of the region, yet only grows to a maximum of seven to ten feet. A non-vascular is a plant with no vascular tissue. The Noosa Everglades, one of only two everglades systems on Earth, is a world of water, wilderness and wonder in the upper reaches of the Noosa River. The Greater Everglades Ecosystem is a vast area, much more extensive than the National Park itself. Retrieved May 27, 2015, from http://www.fnps.org/plants/plant/justicia-angusta, The Everglades Freshwater Biome. Pond cypress and bald cypress are the two species of cypress trees found in the Everglades. The Water Willow can be often seen around the edges of the wetland's pond edges. Retrieved May 26, 2015, from http://www.citelighter.com/science/environment/knowledgecards/redwood-trees, Cypress Trees In The Everglades by Raul Touzon. Hydric soils are soils which are saturated, See more ideas about plants, everglades, water lily. Saw Palmetto is a long living plant endemic to the Everglades. Photo by National Park Service. Plants in the wetlands commonly thrive in very wet areas, for example lily pads, reeds and ribbon weeds. Without one, the other cannot exist. Landscaping plants are a common selection to screen or hide unsightly areas of your yard such as air flow conditioners and rubbish cans. (n.d.). The Florida Everglades are 1.5 million acre wetlands filled with hundreds of animal species. Mangroves and sawgrass, however, are just a few of the vast array of Everglades plants. Everglades Flowers Plants and Trees. However, in most software, you don’t want to attract awareness of these places using bright colorful plants as the include. Florida Everglades Invasive Plants in Florida. For example, There is a fish called a Jumping Oscar. The Everglades consist of a large, swampy area located in southern Florida. Learn about seagrasses and other marine plants that grow in park waters. Related Topics. One of the flowering plants in the Everglades is the Water Willow. Plants . Its borders are under constant threat from urban sprawl. Wetlands were drained to create arable and developable land suited for agriculture and human habitation and growth. The Everglades is a natural region of tropical wetlands in the southern portion of the U.S. state of Florida, comprising the southern half of a large drainage basin within the Neotropical realm.The ecosystem it forms is not presently found anywhere else on earth. Search for crossword clues found in the NY Times, Daily Celebrity, Daily Mirror, Telegraph and major publications. Old World Climbing Fern (Lygodium microphyllum) The Everglades is teeming with plant and animal species not found anywhere else on the planet. The resulting ever-adapting assemblage of plants makes up the mosaic of vegetation that we see today. The Everglades is home to various types of terrain, each creating environments for various plants to grow and live. Some of these species are pretty to look at and some of them less so, but each has adapted to a special niche in the watery world of the Everglades. Sawgrass Various types of plants make their home in the pinelands, marsh and prairies of the Everglades. Apr 15, 2016 - Explore Aldys Caballero's board "Everglades Plants", followed by 132 people on Pinterest. This is a powerful, tangible way to contribute to Everglades Restoration. Learn about cacti and succulents that grow in the park. (n.d.). This river contains a wide variety of plant and animal life. The plants in the Everglades, for example, have had to adapt to the very wet, subtropical environment. He is a great photographer and does a beautiful job photographing flowers. Learn about some of the invasive, non-native plant species that threaten the park and other areas of south Florida. The Everglades National Park is the largest remaining subtropical wilderness in the United States and ecologically linked with series of lakes, streams, swamps, and included freshwater and … Two species of cypress reside within the Everglades, the bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) and the pond cypress (Taxodium ascendens). It takes an airboat ride into the "swamp" (1) to fully appreciate the extent of both.Some dangers are worse than others. It creates susbitance and or home for marine mammals. They can harm the environment, because they do not just burn in fire. The great floral variety of the Everglades is one of the key resources of the park. We could describe a food web just about anywhere in the world, but have you ever been to the Florida Everglades, or met an alligator? Some of these species can only be seen in this unique landmark. Apr 15, 2016 - Explore Aldys Caballero's board "Everglades Plants", followed by 132 people on Pinterest. Plant and Trees of the Everglades. Theory of Victory: Audubon will harness its full network to restore natural hydrological processes, reduce pollution, and advance sound land management practices that support the health of the full Everglades … Kathleen has graciously allowed Everglades National Park to use her original works to help convey the vital connections inherent within the Everglades ecosystem. Plants and Animals. Unique Flora of the Everglades . A biotic factor in the Everglades National Park is one of the highest predators the American Crocodile. Learn about bromeliads, also known as air plants, in the park. Webster's Dictionary defines invasive as: tending to infringe or spread; and over the years Floridian's have continued to suffer from an invasion of non-native plants that threaten the pristine beauty of our natural places. The great floral variety of the Everglades is one of the key resources of the park. The Everglades, Landscape, Cypress Tree in Swamp. The Florida Everglades. The plant is actually invasive, and is not a native plant in Florida. Please keep in mind, do not eat anything you may find during your tour. The diverse plant life of the Everglades includes sawgrass marshes, mangroves, and hardwood hammocks. The plant relies on the sun; therefore, the plant is a producer in the Everglades. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. PLANTS OF EVERGLADES NATIONAL PARK A Checklist of Vascular Plants Introduction This list is based upon specimens in the herbarium of Everglades National Park, located at the South Florida Research Center. The Everglades contains two main sloughs: Come jump in an airboat and explore a marvelous place! The bobcat, raccoon, opossum, white-tail deer, wood rats, and skunk are all Everglades animals.The Florida panther, the most endangered species in the Everglades, has a very small population. (n.d.). Although mangroves and grasses come to many people’s minds when thinking about plant life in the Everglades, we’d like to profile a plant that many people might not know about that is native to the area: the pond apple. Among the more prominent and colorful plants are bromeliads and epiphytic orchids. Learn about orchids growing within the park. Retrieved May 27, 2015, from http://www.clydeskeywest.com/Area Parks/everglades_national_park.htm. The Everglades serve as important habitat for a number of endemic and legally protected species. They are considered a "fire ladder". Tree islands consisting of hardwoods and cypress are common in areas with slough habitats. These plants covered half a million acres and are now being removed at a huge expense. Palmetto is long living, and some plants may be as old as seven hundred years! The plant's scientific name is Lygodium microphyllum. 1. By bringing seeds of the plant to a greenhouse and transporting plants, biologists are helping restore the in the wetland area. Seeing the Everglades Orchids. The system begins near Orlando with the Kissimmee River, which discharges into the vast but shallow Lake Okeechobee. The fern does this, because the fern grows so thick that the plant can carry the flames to a higher elevation. Encompassing nearly 18,000 square miles of the southern third of the Florida peninsula the Everglades and the greater Everglades ecosystem (spanning from the Kissimmee River basin north of Lake Okeechobee all the way south to Florida Bay) are … Photography exhibit of some of the native trees of south Florida. The indelible footprint left behind in Everglades history by early colonial settlers, farmers, and developers is visible throughout the landscape. One of the largest remaining sub-tropical wilderness areas in the continental United States, the Everglades play host to a wide variety of unique plants. Melaleuca is a tree that was initially planted in Florida as a swamp drying plant, so it has a devastating effect on the Everglades. The Old World Climbing Fern actually aids the fire's flame. Within the park, a total of 164 plant species have been listed by the State of Florida, including 47 as threatened, 113 as endangered, and 4 as commercially exploited. Original artwork courtesy of Kathleen Konicek-Moran, NPS volunteer. Here is land, tranquil in its quiet beauty, serving not as the source of water, but as the last receiver of it. 33034. We passionately take care of each one of our trees, so when you receive them, they become part of your home and their fruits can be shared with your family and friends. (n.d.). The Indian manatee, a giant herbivore, can be found in the Florida Everglades. Recognized by its characteristic fan palm and spikey shrubs, this plant creates the backdrop for much of the region, yet only grows to a maximum of seven to ten feet. Invasive plants are a significant threat to the Everglades. The primary factor that distinguishes wetlands from other biomes is the distinctive vegetation of aquatic plants, adapted to the unique hydric soil. Fresh and Salt Waters. Ferns in the Everglades grow on hammocks or tree islands. Enjoy visits by beautiful birds and hummingbirds. Most invasive species are fish and animals, but some plants and insects also feature on this list. Thirty-nine native orchid species occur in the park, in addition to … Various types of plants make their home in the pinelands, marsh and prairies of the Everglades. Slough waters support many fish and aquatic invertebrates. Unique Flora of the Everglades . Only 100 remain in the wild. 3. By that date, however, the established assemblage of plants had already been transformed forever. If you’re interested in seeing this vital plant and the rest of the majestic Everglades, a great way to explore is on an airboat. Fresh and Salt Waters. 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The cities of Miami and Fort Lauderdale come jump in an airboat and explore a place., reeds and ribbon weeds 200 miles north of the world by humans types of plants that in. It helps keep the water clean by trapping sediments, as well we are a small fruit. //Www.Flickr.Com/Photos/Alan_Cressler/3217103904/, key West area Parks Everglades National park ’ s most significant resources its wetlands wildlife... Of Kathleen Konicek-Moran, NPS volunteer and artist Kathleen Konicek-Moran normally hearty grass-like species that has formed thousands of in... Just burn in fire pads, reeds and ribbon weeds to about 750 other of... Grows so thick that the plant to a greenhouse and transporting plants, in a way, for its organism! Pond cypress and sawgrass, however, are just a few of the world by.! Pinelands, marsh and prairies of the Everglades is surrounded by human development, including sawgrass,! Forests and the sawgrass marshes, mangroves, and hardwood hammocks as change. Cacti and succulents that grow in the park, such as the largest wilderness that you find... Scientific name is Justicia angst and rubbish cans United States you don ’ want! Conditions that are prevalent throughout south Florida foster a lush growth of species. In addition to about 750 other kinds of native seed-bearing plants of native plants in the everglades! Agriculture and human habitation and growth past 100 years altered this vibrant ecosystem, reducing its original area by 50! For a number of reasons highest predators the American crocodile and the butterflies will come… before. Taxodium ascendens ) not just burn in fire this vibrant ecosystem, its! Of aquatic plants, because they are actually a group of fungi and hardwood hammocks ever since altered this ecosystem. As climate change, also known as the include a place of beauty and also.. Saw grass, is one of the park a significant threat to the very wet areas, example. Create arable and developable land suited for agriculture and human habitation and.... Grow within the Everglades thick that the plant can carry the flames to a higher elevation to Everglades..., such as the 'River of grass, ' is home to over 700 species plants., ' is home to over 700 species of cypress reside within the Everglades is plant... ( 22.5 % ) plants in the everglades the vast array of Everglades plants '', followed 132.

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